Ledger Drawings

Late 19th-century ledger drawings created by well-known warrior-artists such as Howling Wolf, Chief Killer, Short Bull, and Wooden Leg serve as a vital record of cultural survival and transformation among American Plains Indians.

Browse objects from this featured collection.

Within the Hood’s significant holdings of Native American art, the Mark Lansburgh collection of ledger drawings, dating from the middle to the end of the nineteenth century and created by well-known warrior-artists such as Howling Wolf, Chief Killer, Short Bull, and Wooden Leg, is a vital aspect of the Hood’s Plains collection. Both in their artistic excellence and in their social and historical value, these drawings serve as a vital record of cultural survival and transformation.

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Native America

Browse Ledger Drawings

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Piction collections thumbnails

Short Bull (Tatanka Ptecela), American / Lakota, about 1845 - 1915
Untitled (Short Bull Counting Coup on a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warrior), page number 21, from a...
about 1885-1890
2005.28
Short Bull (Tatanka Ptecela), American / Lakota, about 1845 - 1915
Untitled (Short Bull Counting Coup on a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warrior), page number 21, from a...
about 1885-1890
2005.28
Howling Wolf (Ho-na-nist-to), American / Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1927
Untitled (Howling Wolf with his War Horse), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie Notebook"
about 1874-1875
2006.51
Howling Wolf (Ho-na-nist-to), American / Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1927
Untitled (Howling Wolf with his War Horse), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie Notebook"
about 1874-1875
2006.51
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number 55, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.26.1
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number 55, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.26.1
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number 55, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.26.1
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 57, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.26.2
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 57, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.26.2
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 57, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.26.2
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior) [left-side of a two page composition], from an unidentified...
late 19th century
2007.65.100
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior) [left-side of a two page composition], from an unidentified...
late 19th century
2007.65.100
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (Mexican Soldiers in Battle) [rightside of a two page composition], from an unidentified...
late 19th century
2007.65.101
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (Mexican Soldiers in Battle) [rightside of a two page composition], from an unidentified...
late 19th century
2007.65.101
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Sketches of Warriors and a Horse), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.102
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Sketches of Warriors and a Horse), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.102
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Sketch of Warriors and Horses), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.103
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Sketch of Warriors and Horses), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.103
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Horses and Buffalo), page number 240, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.104
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Horses and Buffalo), page number 240, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.104
Robert Ridge Walker, American / Northern Tsistsistas, about 1860 - about 1965
Untitled ("Tom Bird"), from a Robert Ridge Walker ledger"
1901
2007.65.105
Robert Ridge Walker, American / Northern Tsistsistas, about 1860 - about 1965
Untitled ("Tom Bird"), from a Robert Ridge Walker ledger"
1901
2007.65.105
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Sketch of Two Horses and a Man), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.106
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Sketch of Two Horses and a Man), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.106
Unknown artist ("Guthrie" Notebook), American / Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Courting), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie Notebook"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.107
Unknown artist ("Guthrie" Notebook), American / Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Courting), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie Notebook"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.107
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Two Warriors in Battle), page number 91, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.108
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Two Warriors in Battle), page number 91, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.108
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Horse, War Lance and Footprints), page number 153, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.109
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Horse, War Lance and Footprints), page number 153, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.109
Unknown artist ("Guthrie" Notebook), American / Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), from...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.10
Unknown artist ("Guthrie" Notebook), American / Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), from...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.10
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Two Warriors in Hand-to-Hand Combat), page number 103, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.110
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Two Warriors in Hand-to-Hand Combat), page number 103, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.110
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (A Warrior Shooting a Gun), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.111
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (A Warrior Shooting a Gun), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.111
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Train Cars), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.112
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Train Cars), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.112
Unknown artist ("Dentzel" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas and/or Southern Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on a Soldier), page number 64, from the "Carl S....
about 1875-1878
2007.65.11
Unknown artist ("Dentzel" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas and/or Southern Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on a Soldier), page number 64, from the "Carl S....
about 1875-1878
2007.65.11
Unknown artist ("Dentzel" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas and/or Southern Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) or Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy),...
about 1875-1878
2007.65.12
Unknown artist ("Dentzel" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas and/or Southern Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) or Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy),...
about 1875-1878
2007.65.12
Unknown artist ("Dentzel" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas and/or Southern Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy, possibly a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)...
about 1875-1878
2007.65.13
Unknown artist ("Dentzel" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas and/or Southern Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy, possibly a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)...
about 1875-1878
2007.65.13
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Steam Locomotive), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.14
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Steam Locomotive), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.14
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (A Man Dropping an Open Umbrella from the top of a Lighthouse), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.15
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (A Man Dropping an Open Umbrella from the top of a Lighthouse), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.15
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Fort Marion Prisoners and a Non-Native Man Catch a Shark), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.16
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Fort Marion Prisoners and a Non-Native Man Catch a Shark), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.16
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Kiowa Warriors in Procession), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.17
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Kiowa Warriors in Procession), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.17
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warriors Mounted Procession), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.18
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warriors Mounted Procession), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.18
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Paddlewheel Steamboat), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.19
Ohettoint, American / Ka'igwu, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Paddlewheel Steamboat), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.19
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 53, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.65.1
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 53, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.65.1
Chief Killer (Noh-hu-nah-wih), Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1922
Untitled ("Mexican Traders Coming to Cheyenne Village"), page number 5, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.20
Chief Killer (Noh-hu-nah-wih), Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1922
Untitled ("Mexican Traders Coming to Cheyenne Village"), page number 5, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.20
Chief Killer (Noh-hu-nah-wih), Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1922
Untitled ("Arapahoes after a Ute Village"), page number 6, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.21
Chief Killer (Noh-hu-nah-wih), Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1922
Untitled ("Cheyennes on a visit to the Sioux"), page number 37, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.22
Chief Killer (Noh-hu-nah-wih), Southern Tsistsistas, 1849 - 1922
Untitled ("Cheyennes on a visit to the Sioux"), page number 37, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.22
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Man Watching Two Women), page number 34, from the "Arrow's Elk...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.23
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Man Watching Two Women), page number 34, from the "Arrow's Elk...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.23
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Three Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) People), page number 148, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.24
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Three Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) People), page number 148, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.24
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Hunting Turkey), page number 118, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.25
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Hunting Turkey), page number 118, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.25
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Buffalo Hunt), page number 86, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.26
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Buffalo Hunt), page number 86, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.26
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Hunting a Bull), page number 132, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.27
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Hunting a Bull), page number 132, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.27
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Two Different Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Societies in a Sham Battle prior to a Medicine...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.28
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Two Different Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Societies in a Sham Battle prior to a Medicine...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.28
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), page number 128, from the...
late 19th century
2007.65.29
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), page number 128, from the...
late 19th century
2007.65.29
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Shoots a Non-Native Man), page number 103, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.65.2
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Shoots a Non-Native Man), page number 103, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.65.2
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior on Horseback Fighting U.S. Soldiers), page number 5, from the...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.30
Unknown artist ("Arrow" Ledger), American / Southern Tsistsistas, active late 19th century
Untitled (Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior on Horseback Fighting U.S. Soldiers), page number 5, from the...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.30
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Mexican Horseman), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.31
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Mexican Horseman), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.31
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Man), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.32
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Man), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.32
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Fires upon a Mexican) [right-side of a two page composition], from an...
late 19th century
2007.65.33
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Fires upon a Mexican) [right-side of a two page composition], from an...
late 19th century
2007.65.33
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Man), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.34
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Man), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.34
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coups on the Cavalry), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.35
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coups on the Cavalry), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.35
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Soldier in Battle with Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.36
Unknown artist ("Kiowa-Mexican"), American / Ka'igwu and/or Mexican, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Soldier in Battle with Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.36
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior in the Midst of Gunfire), page number 104), from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.37
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior in the Midst of Gunfire), page number 104), from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.37
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Warrior Fleeing Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warriors), page number 154, from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.38
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (Warrior Fleeing Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warriors), page number 154, from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.38
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) or Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number...
late 19th century
2007.65.39
Unknown artist ("Price" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas and/or Inunaina, active late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) or Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number...
late 19th century
2007.65.39
Unknown artist ("Douglas" Ledger), American / Tsistsistas, active mid - late 19th century
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 61, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.65.3