Ledger Drawings

Late 19th-century ledger drawings created by well-known warrior-artists such as Howling Wolf, Chief Killer, Short Bull, and Wooden Leg serve as a vital record of cultural survival and transformation among American Plains Indians.

Browse objects from this featured collection.

Within the Hood's significant holdings of Native American art, the Mark Lansburgh collection of ledger drawings, dating from the middle to the end of the nineteenth century and created by well-known warrior-artists such as Howling Wolf, Chief Killer, Short Bull, and Wooden Leg, is a vital aspect of the Hood's Plains collection. Both in their artistic excellence and in their social and historical value, these drawings serve as a vital record of cultural survival and transformation.

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Browse Ledger Drawings

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Piction collections thumbnails

Untitled (Short Bull Counting Coup on a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warrior), page number 21, from a...
about 1885-1890
2005.28
Untitled (Howling Wolf with his War Horse), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie Notebook"
about 1874-1875
2006.51
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number 55, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.26.1
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 57, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.26.2
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior) [left-side of a two page composition], from an unidentified...
late 19th century
2007.65.100
Untitled (Mexican Soldiers in Battle) [rightside of a two page composition], from an unidentified...
late 19th century
2007.65.101
Untitled (Sketches of Warriors and a Horse), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.102
Untitled (Sketch of Warriors and Horses), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.103
Untitled (Horses and Buffalo), page number 240, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.104
Untitled ("Tom Bird"), from a Robert Ridge Walker ledger"
1901
2007.65.105
Untitled (Sketch of Two Horses and a Man), from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.106
Untitled (Courting), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie Notebook"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.107
Untitled (Two Warriors in Battle), page number 91, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.108
Untitled (Horse, War Lance and Footprints), page number 153, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.109
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), from...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.10
Untitled (Two Warriors in Hand-to-Hand Combat), page number 103, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.110
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (A Warrior Shooting a Gun), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.111
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Train Cars), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.112
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on a Soldier), page number 64, from the "Carl S....
about 1875-1878
2007.65.11
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) or Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy),...
about 1875-1878
2007.65.12
Untitled (Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy, possibly a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)...
about 1875-1878
2007.65.13
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Steam Locomotive), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.14
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (A Man Dropping an Open Umbrella from the top of a Lighthouse), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.15
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Fort Marion Prisoners and a Non-Native Man Catch a Shark), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.16
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Kiowa Warriors in Procession), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.17
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warriors Mounted Procession), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.18
Ohettoint, Ka‘igwu / American, 1852 - 1934
Untitled (Paddlewheel Steamboat), from an Ohettoint sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.19
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 53, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.65.1
Untitled ("Mexican Traders Coming to Cheyenne Village"), page number 5, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.20
Untitled ("Arapahoes after a Ute Village"), page number 6, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.21
Untitled ("Cheyennes on a visit to the Sioux"), page number 37, from a Chief Killer sketchbook
about mid-1875-mid-1878
2007.65.22
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Man Watching Two Women), page number 34, from the "Arrow's Elk...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.23
Untitled (Three Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) People), page number 148, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.24
Untitled (Hunting Turkey), page number 118, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.25
Untitled (A Buffalo Hunt), page number 86, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.26
Untitled (Hunting a Bull), page number 132, from the "Arrow's Elk Society Ledger"
about 1874-1875
2007.65.27
Untitled (Two Different Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Societies in a Sham Battle prior to a Medicine...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.28
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), page number 128, from the...
late 19th century
2007.65.29
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Shoots a Non-Native Man), page number 103, from the "Frederic...
1860s
2007.65.2
Untitled (Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior on Horseback Fighting U.S. Soldiers), page number 5, from the...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.30
Untitled (A Mexican Horseman), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.31
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Man), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.32
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Fires upon a Mexican) [right-side of a two page composition], from an...
late 19th century
2007.65.33
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coup on a Non-Native Man), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.34
Untitled (A Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior Counts Coups on the Cavalry), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.35
Untitled (A Soldier in Battle with Gaigwa (Kiowa) Warrior), from an unidentified sketchbook
late 19th century
2007.65.36
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior in the Midst of Gunfire), page number 104), from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.37
Untitled (Warrior Fleeing Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warriors), page number 154, from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.38
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) or Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number...
late 19th century
2007.65.39
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior), page number 61, from the "Frederic H....
1860s
2007.65.3
Untitled (Two Wounded Horses Hitched to a Buckboard), page number 92, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.40
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on a U.S. Soldier), page number 78, from the...
late 19th century
2007.65.41
Untitled (A Formation of U.S. Infantry Soldiers Firing in Battle), page number 77, from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.42
Untitled ("Indian Police" on Patrol), page number 188, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.43
Untitled (A Formation of U.S. Soldiers), page number 187, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.44
Untitled (A Horse), page number 63, from the "Vincent Price Ledger" [two page composition with...
late 19th century
2007.65.45
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number 64, from the "Vincent...
late 19th century
2007.65.46
Untitled (White Swan in Battle with an Apsaalooke (Crow) Warrior)
about 1890
2007.65.47
Untitled (A Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number 220, from the "Vincent Price Ledger"
late 19th century
2007.65.48
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) or Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup on an Enemy), page number...
late 19th century
2007.65.49
Untitled (A Horse and Mule), page number 47, from the "Peter W. Edwards Ledger"
1860s
2007.65.4
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior), page number 156, from the "Frank Henderson Ledger"
about 1882
2007.65.50
Untitled (A Crazy Dog Society Warrior), page number 172 from the "Frank Henderson Ledger"
about 1882
2007.65.51
Untitled (A Wounded Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior and a Falling Horse), page number 78, from the...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.52
Untitled (Membership Payment by a Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Bowstring Society Warrior with his...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.53
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior's Map), page number 107, from a unidentified ledger
about 1882
2007.65.54
Untitled (An Inunaina (Arapaho) Warrior Traveling), page number 108, from an unidentified ledger
about 1882
2007.65.55
Wooden Leg (Kum-mok-quiv-vi-ok-ta), Northern Tsistsistas / American, 1858 - 1940
Untitled (Joined Ledger Pages: Sun Dance Medicine Lodge / Social Dancers), from an unidentified ledger
about 1882
2007.65.56
Wooden Leg (Kum-mok-quiv-vi-ok-ta), Northern Tsistsistas / American, 1858 - 1940
Untitled (Joined Ledger Pages: Social Dancers, including part of page number 82), from an unidentified...
about 1882
2007.65.57
Untitled ("Short Bull" and "Gray Hawk" at a Gallop), page number 12, from a Short Bull notebook
about 1885-1890
2007.65.58
Untitled (Short Bull Lancing a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warrior), page number 25, from a Short...
about 1885-1890
2007.65.59
Untitled (A Warrior Fires Upon a Fleeing Enemy), page number 48, from the "Peter W. Edwards Ledger"
1860s
2007.65.5
Untitled (Short Bull Lancing a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warrior), page number 26, from a Short...
about 1885-1890
2007.65.60
Untitled (Short Bull Raiding Five Horses), page number 32, from a Short Bull notebook
about 1885-1890
2007.65.61
Untitled ("Short Bull" and "Eagle Bear" Fleeing Gunfire from Apsaalooke (Crow) Scouts and U.S....
about 1885-1890
2007.65.62
Untitled (Short Bull Lancing a Apsaalooke (Crow) Warrior), from a Short Bull notebook
about 1885-1890
2007.65.63
Untitled (Short Bull in Battle against the Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)), page number 23, from a Short...
about 1885-1890
2007.65.64
Untitled (Crazy Horse Fighting the Apsaalooke (Crow)), page number 37, from a Short Bull notebook
about 1885-1890
2007.65.65
Untitled (An 1887 Dated Invoice), from the "Old White Woman Ledger"
about 1880-1890
2007.65.66
Untitled (Sketch of Three Turkeys), from the "Old White Woman Ledger"
about 1880-1890
2007.65.67
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Man and Three Women), page number 1, from the "Old White Woman Ledger"
about 1880-1890
2007.65.68
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Courting Couple Meet), page number 61, from the "Old White Woman...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.69
Untitled (A Warrior Counts Coup on a Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee) Warrior), page number 110, from the...
1860s
2007.65.6
Untitled ("Cheyennes Courting"), page number 5, from the "Old White Woman Ledger"
about 1880-1890
2007.65.70
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Couple Wrapped in a Courting Blanket), page number 192, from the "Old...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.71
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Standing Couple Wrapped in a Courting Blanket), page number 188, from...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.72
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Carrying His Shield and Lance), page number 171, from the...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.73
Untitled (A Procession of Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warriors), page number 190, from the "Old White Woman...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.74
Untitled (A Young Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Initiate with Women at a Sun Dance), page number 57, from the...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.75
Untitled (Undertaking the Sacred Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Sun Dance), page number 105, from the "Old White...
about 1880-1890
2007.65.76
Untitled (Sketch of a Man Reading at his Desk), page number 106, from the "Old White Woman Ledger"
about 1880-1890
2007.65.77
Untitled (Two Northern Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Men), from a "Robert Ridge Walker ledger"
1901
2007.65.78
Untitled (A Northern Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Courting Couple), from a Robert Ridge Walker ledger
1901
2007.65.79
Untitled (Two Southern Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Courting Couples), from the "Robert Allen Guthrie...
about 1874-1875
2007.65.7
Untitled (Social Dancers and Drummers), from a Robert Ridge Walker ledger
1901
2007.65.80
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Warrior Counts Coup), from an unidentified sketchbook ("Lance"...
late 1860s-early 1870s
2007.65.81
Untitled (Two Partial Figures and a Hide), from an unidentified sketchbook ("Lance" sketchbook)
late 1860s-early 1870s
2007.65.82
Untitled (Counting Coup), from an unidentified sketchbook ("Lance" sketchbook)
late 1860s-early 1870s
2007.65.83
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Crooked Lance Society Warrior), from an unidentified sketchbook...
late 1860s-early 1870s
2007.65.84
Untitled (A Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) Counting Coup on a Non-Native Enemy), from an unidentified sketchbook...
late 1860s-early 1870s
2007.65.85