Cuneiform Tablet,Ghee from Atu, Lu-Ninšubur received, within the bala obligation.

Unidentified Babylonian maker


2300 BCE


Overall: 19 5/16 in. (49 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Gift of The Dartmouth Scientific Association



Place Made: Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, West Asia, Asia


3000-2000 BCE

Object Name

Written Communication

Research Area

Near East

Not on view


Incised, obverse, in cuneiform [translation]: " ban2 and 3 sila3 ghee (= 13 liter), / (on) varios tablets. / 1 ban2 and 2 1/2 sila3 ghee (= 12.5 liter), / (in) its midst: the first (entry). / 1 ban2 and 4 sila3 ghee (= 14 liter), / (in) its midst: the second (entry). / 1 ban2 and 8 1/2 sila3 ghee (= 18.5 liter), / (in) its midst: the third (entry)." Incised, reverse, in cuneiform [translation]: "??? of the bala obligation. / –––––––––––– / Total: 5 ban2 and 8 sila3 ghee (= 58 liter). / From A-tu, / Lu2-dNin-Šubur / received / within the bala obligation / The year (when) the en-priestess (of Enki) in the city of Eridu was installed. (AS 8)"

Course History

PHIL 23, Philosophy of Art, John Kulvicki, Winter 2013

REL 81, Dickinson Distinguished Scholar Seminar: Orientalism and the Origins of Religion, Susannah Heschel, Fall 2012

ANTH 12.2, The Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Jason Herrmann, Spring 2013

ANTH 39, Archaeology of the Middle East, Jesse Casana, Fall 2019

ANTH 39.01/MES 3.02, Archaeology of the Middle East, Jesse Casana, Spring 2021

Exhibition History

From Discovery to Dartmouth: The Assyrian Reliefs at the Hood Museum of Art, 1856-2006, Alvin P. Gutman Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, October 19, 2006-June 17, 2007.

Publication History

Magnus Widell, From Discovery to Dartmouth: The Assyrian Reliefs at the Hood Museum of Art, 1856-2006, A Selection of Cuneiform Tablets from the Hood Museum of Art's Collection, Hanover, New Hampshire: Dartmouth College, 2006, no. 11.

Widell, Magnus, Ur III Economy and Bureaucracy: The Neo-Sumerian Cuneiform Tablets in the Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College (I). Orient: Reports of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan, 55 (1), 2019, illustration pg. 47.


Dartmouth Scientific Association; given to present collection, 1923.

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