Stamped on backing: THIS PAINTING / WAS TREATED BY / GUSTAV D. KLIMANN; stamped below: Nov 66; stamped below date: THERMO-PNEUMATIC / LINING PROCESS; numbered on frame reverse, lower member, in crayon [?]: 3 [5?] 78:46; numbered, in graphite, on top stretcher member: 2 [?]; scratched into top stretcher member: X [?]
Sellstedt, Lars Gustaf. Life and Works of William John Wilgus. Buffalo, 1864 [revised by author, 1910; reprinted for private circulation, 1912].
"Indian Justice Being Recalled in Art Exhibit." Buffalo Courier Express, October 27, 1946.
Conlin, John H. "Historian's Notebook: Tommy Jemmy." Western New York Heritage Magazine 11, no. 2 (Summer 2008): 28.
Stone, William L. Life and Times of Red-Jacket, or Sa-go-ye-wat-ha. New York: Wiley and Putnam, 1841.
Wilgus, William John. "An Account of the Recovery in 1910, by the artist's nephew, of the portrait of the Seneca Indian chief So-on-on-gise (Long Horns) or Tommy Jemmy," August 3, 1938.
Viele, Chase. "Four Artists of Mid-Nineteenth Century Buffalo." New York History 43, no. 1 (January 1962): 53-56.
Dennis, Matthew. Seneca Possessed: Indians, Witchcraft, and Power in the Early American Republic. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.
The artist; to Lavinia Wheelock Wilgus (1797-1878) (mother of the artist), in trust for his daughter; purchased by Eugene Robinson (1847-1889); to Mary Stowe, née Robinson (c. 1842-1918) (ex-wife and possible first cousin of Eugene Robinson); sold to Col. William J. Wilgus (1865-1949) (nephew of the artist), 1910; bequeathed to Gertrude Bernadette Tobin Wilgus (1873-1959) (Col. William J. Wilgus' wife) upon the colonel's death, 1949;
to Anna Hartness Beardsley (1889-1966); bequeathed to Mary Beardsley Fenn (daughter of Anna Hartness Beardsley) (1917-2015) upon Beardsley's death, 1966; donated to present collection, 2015.
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