La Retaguardia

José Clemente Orozco, Mexican, 1883 - 1949



Lithograph on cream wove Rives BFK paper

Unnumbered (Edition of 100; some copies unnumbered)

Image: 14 × 18 3/4 in. (35.6 × 47.7 cm)

Sheet: 15 15/16 × 22 13/16 in. (40.5 × 58 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Purchased through the Robert J. Strasenburgh II 1942 Fund

© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City



George C. Miller


Place Made: Mexico, North America


20th century

Object Name


Research Area


Not on view


Initialed, in stone, lower right: J. C.O.; signed, in graphite, below image, lower right: Jose Clemente Orozco; Watermark: BFK / FRANCE


Here Orozco depicts several soldaderas, female soldiers fighting in the Mexican Revolution (1910– 1920), following behind a number of male fighters. This lithograph presents these soldaderas as both soldiers and mothers, as they carry both guns and children on their backs. This work is inspired by the Revolutionaries panel from Orozco’s fresco mural at the National Preparatory School in Mexico City, repackaged in a portable form for a U.S. audience.

From the 2023 exhibition A Space for Dialogue 110, Constructing the Ideal Soldier, curated by Nathan Savo '24, Class of 1954 Intern

Course History

ARTH 72, Mexican Muralism, Mary Coffey, Spring 2015

ARTH 40.04, LACS 30.09, Mexicanidad: Constructing and Dismantling Mexican National Identity, Mary Coffey, Winter 2019

Exhibition History

A Space for Dialogue 110, Constructing the Ideal Soldier, Nathan Savo, Class of 2024, Curator, Alvin P. Gutman Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 7 January - 26 February 2023

Published References

Camo, Gabriela, Jocelyn Olcott and Mary K. Vaughn. Sex in Revolution: Gender, Politics and Power in Modern Mexico. Durham: Duke University Press, 2006. Charlot, Jean. "Orozco in New York: Based on His Letters to the Author." College Art Journal. 19.1 (Autumn, 1959), 40-53. Mello, Renato González, and Diane Miliotes, eds. Jose´ Clemente Orozco in the United States: 1927-1934. New York: Norton, 2002. Hood Museum of Art.


Weyhe Gallery, Mount Desert, Maine; sold to present collection, 2015.

Catalogue Raisonne

Clemente Orozco, Jose Clemente Orozco, Graphic Works, 2004, no. 4.

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