Signed and dated, lower right: Jacob Lawrence 62
Jacob Lawrence responds to the controversy surrounding school desegregation in the South with Soldiers and Students, one of several compositions by the artist to focus on demonstrations and violence. Three armed guards and several protestors block a group of African American students from entering a schoolhouse. With determined yet anxious expressions, the students grip their books and hold their ground, while the demonstrators declare their resistance to integration through mockery and threats of violence. The grimaces and downturned eyes of the soldiers convey their ambivalence as they dutifully fulfil their task, while Lawrence puts the viewer on the side of the students, encouraging us to identify with their frustrations and fear.
Witness: Art and Civil Rights in the Sixties, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, New York, March 7-July 6, 2014; Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, August 30-December 21, 2014; Blanton Museum of Art, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, February 7-May 10, 2014
Marks of Distinction: Two Hundred Years of American Drawings and Watercolors from the Hood Museum of Art, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, March 29-May 29, 2005; Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, Michigan, June 24-September 11, 2005; National Academy Museum, New York City, New York, October 20-December 31, 2005.
Works by Jacob Lawrence in the Collection of the Hood Museum of Art, Friends-Cheatham Niche Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, (no cat.), April 10-May 23, 1999.
Protest and Hope: An Exhibition of Contemporary American Art,"Wollman Hall, New School Art Center, New School for Social Research, New York, New York, no. 28, 1967.
Probably 138th Annual Exhibition, National Academy of Design, New York, New York, (not listed in cat.), February-March, 1963.
Jacob Lawrence, Terry Dintenfass, Inc., New York, no. 12, 1963.
Brian P. Kennedy and Emily Shubert Burke, Modern and Contemporary Art at Dartmouth: Highlights from the Hood Museum of Art, Hanover: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 2009 p.159, no.129.
Barbara J. MacAdam, Marks of Distinction, Two Hundred Years of American Drawings and Watercolors from the Hood Museum of Art, Manchester, Vermont: Hudson Hills Press, 2005, pp. 208, 273, ill. p. 209, no. 73.
Peter T. Nesbett, Michelle DuBois, eds., Over the Line: The Art and Life of Jacob Lawrence, Patricia Hills, "Jacob Lawrence's Paintings during the Protest Years of the 1960s, pp. 175-191, Seattle and London: University of Washington Press in association with Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, 2000, ill. p. 178
Peter T. Nesbett, Michelle DuBois with assistance from Stephanie Ellis-Smith, Jacob Lawrence: Paintings, Drawings, and Murals (1935-1999): A Catalogue Raisonne, Seattle and London: University of Washington Press in association with Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, 2000, ill. p. 151
The artist; with Terry Dintenfass, Inc. (art dealer), New York, 1963; sold to Julius (Jay) Rosenthal Wolf (1919-1976), Class of 1951, New York, New York; given to present collection, 1976.