Rightly or wrongly.; With or without reasons. (Con razon 'o sin ella.), number 2 of 80; from the series The Disasters of War (Los Desastres de la Guerra)
Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes, Spanish, 1746 - 1828
Etching, aquatint and lavis on paper
First edition, made prior to all corrections
Plate: 6 × 8 1/8 in. (15.2 × 20.6 cm)
Sheet: 9 11/16 × 12 15/16 in. (24.6 × 32.8 cm)
Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Gift of Adolph Weil Jr., Class of 1935
Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, Madrid, Spain
Place Made: Spain, Europe
Inscribed, in plate, lower center: Con razon 'o sin ella.; inscribed, in plate, upper left: 2; inscribed, in graphite, upper right: 2 Watermark: HGO/Palmette
The explicit violence of Goya’s series of prints makes them both memorable and difficult to examine. The first half of the series chronicles the various tortures and punishments enacted on both sides of the conflict, as evidenced in the selection presented here. Bodies are disfigured, displayed, and dumped throughout the prints. In Plate 32, French soldiers tie a rope around a man’s neck, attaching him to a tree. They pull on his body as he cries out in extreme agony communicated by his open scream. Meanwhile, the soldiers remain expressionless at his plight. As in many of his works, Goya’s simple and sometimes sardonic captions suggest that such horror is beyond verbal expression. He asks only: Why?
From the 2023 exhibition Recording War: Images of Violence 1500 – 1900, curated by Elizabeth Rice Mattison, Andrew W. Mellon Associate Curator of Academic Programming
FILM 47, From The Fall of the Wall to 9-11: Understanding the New World Disorder, Mark Williams, James Nachtwey, Spring 2013
ARTH 49, European Art in the Age of Revolution (1750-1850), Katie Hornstein, Fall 2013
SPAN 31, Introduction to Hispanic Studies II: 18th and 19th Centuries, Jose del Pino, Winter 2014
SPAN 31, Introduction to Hispanic Studies II: 18th and 19th Centuries, Txetxu Aguado, Winter 2014
ARTH 41.03, European Art 1750-1850, Allan Doyle, Winter 2019
A Gift to the College: The Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Weil Jr. Collection of Master Prints, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, October 17-December 20, 1998.
Fatal Consequences: Callot, Goya, and the Horrors of War, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, September 8-December 9, 1990.
Recording War: Images of Violence, 1500-1900, Ivan Albright Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, May 20-August 20, 2023.
Timothy Rub, Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, Kelly Pask, "A Gift to the College: The Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Weil Jr. Collection of Master Prints", Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 1998, listed, p.95, no. 103.
Hilliard T. Goldfarb and Reva Wolf, Fatal Consequences: Callot, Goya, and the Horrors of War, Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 1990.
Date unknown, in the collection of Felix Somary (1881-1956), Vienna and Zurich; sold Sotheby's, New York, May 3, 1978, lot 2; purchased by Adolph Weil, Jr., Montgomery, Alabama; 1991 given to Dartmouth College by Adolph Weil, Jr., Class of 1935.
Delteil 121; Harris 122
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