Inscribed, in plate, lower center: Amarga presencia.; signed, in plate, lower left: Goya; inscribed, in plate, upper left: 13; inscribed, in graphite, upper right: 13
The explicit violence of Goya’s series of prints makes them both memorable and difficult to examine. The first half of the series chronicles the various tortures and punishments enacted on both sides of the conflict, as evidenced in the selection presented here. Bodies are disfigured, displayed, and dumped throughout the prints. In Plate 32, French soldiers tie a rope around a man’s neck, attaching him to a tree. They pull on his body as he cries out in extreme agony communicated by his open scream. Meanwhile, the soldiers remain expressionless at his plight. As in many of his works, Goya’s simple and sometimes sardonic captions suggest that such horror is beyond verbal expression. He asks only: Why?
From the exhibition Recording War: Images of Violence 1500 – 1900, curated by Elizabeth Rice Mattison, Andrew W. Mellon Associate Curator of Academic Programming
Fatal Consequences: Callot, Goya, and the Horrors of War, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, September 8-December 9, 1990.
Recording War: Images of Violence, 1500-1900, Ivan Albright Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, May 20-August 20, 2023.
Timothy Rub, Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, Kelly Pask, "A Gift to the College: The Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Weil Jr. Collection of Master Prints", Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 1998, listed, p.96, no. 114.
Hilliard T. Goldfarb and Reva Wolf, Fatal Consequences: Callot, Goya, and the Horrors of War, Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 1990.
Date unknown, in the collection of Felix Somary (1881-1956), Vienna and Zurich; sold Sotheby's, New York, May 3, 1978, lot 2; purchased by Adolph Weil, Jr., Montgomery, Alabama; 1991 given to Dartmouth College by Adolph Weil, Jr., Class of 1935.
Delteil 132; Harris 133
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