Bitter [painful] coexistence.; Bitter [painful] show. (Amarga presencia.), number 13 of 80; from the series The Disasters of War (Los Desastres de la Guerra)

Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes, Spanish, 1746 - 1828



Etching, lavis and burnishing on paper

First edition, made prior to all corrections

Plate: 5 11/16 × 6 3/4 in. (14.4 × 17.1 cm)

Sheet: 9 3/4 × 12 3/4 in. (24.7 × 32.4 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Gift of Adolph Weil Jr., Class of 1935



Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, Madrid, Spain


Place Made: Spain, Europe


19th century

Object Name


Research Area


Not on view


Inscribed, in plate, lower center: Amarga presencia.; signed, in plate, lower left: Goya; inscribed, in plate, upper left: 13; inscribed, in graphite, upper right: 13 Watermark: HGO/Palmette


The explicit violence of Goya’s series of prints makes them both memorable and difficult to examine. The first half of the series chronicles the various tortures and punishments enacted on both sides of the conflict, as evidenced in the selection presented here. Bodies are disfigured, displayed, and dumped throughout the prints. In Plate 32, French soldiers tie a rope around a man’s neck, attaching him to a tree. They pull on his body as he cries out in extreme agony communicated by his open scream. Meanwhile, the soldiers remain expressionless at his plight. As in many of his works, Goya’s simple and sometimes sardonic captions suggest that such horror is beyond verbal expression. He asks only: Why?

From the exhibition Recording War: Images of Violence 1500 – 1900, curated by Elizabeth Rice Mattison, Andrew W. Mellon Associate Curator of Academic Programming

Exhibition History

Fatal Consequences: Callot, Goya, and the Horrors of War, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, September 8-December 9, 1990.

Recording War: Images of Violence, 1500-1900, Ivan Albright Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, May 20-August 20, 2023.

Publication History

Timothy Rub, Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, Kelly Pask, "A Gift to the College: The Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Weil Jr. Collection of Master Prints", Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 1998, listed, p.96, no. 114.

Hilliard T. Goldfarb and Reva Wolf, Fatal Consequences: Callot, Goya, and the Horrors of War, Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 1990.


Date unknown, in the collection of Felix Somary (1881-1956), Vienna and Zurich; sold Sotheby's, New York, May 3, 1978, lot 2; purchased by Adolph Weil, Jr., Montgomery, Alabama; 1991 given to Dartmouth College by Adolph Weil, Jr., Class of 1935.

Catalogue Raisonne

Delteil 132; Harris 133

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