Brenda Garand, Abenaki / American, born 1959



Walnut ink (made by the artist), India ink, and flood clay on heavy wove paper

Sheet: 30 3/16 × 22 5/8 in. (76.7 × 57.5 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Gift of the artist



Place Made: United States, North America


21st century

Object Name


Research Area


Native American

Native American: Woodlands

Not on view


Signed and inscribed, on reverse, top center, in graphite: Brenda Garand / "Deluge" / 2014; inscribed, on reverse, upper right and left, in graphite: TOP (underlined) / [Arrow pointing upward]


Brenda Garand created Deluge after Hurricane Irene flooded her home and studio in West Hartford, Vermont. This 2011 event forever changed the landscape of Garand’s life. In the aftermath, she used flood clay as well as walnut and India inks to create devastatingly beautiful images that speak to the resilience of people amidst great loss. Garand stated: I believe that the visual recording of a moment in time is analogous to the oral tradition of history: both are interpretations of events.

From the 2022 exhibition This Land: American Engagement with the Natural World, curated by Jami C. Powell, Curator of Indigenous Art; Barbara J. MacAdam, former Jonathan L. Cohen Curator of American Art; Thomas H. Price, former Curatorial Assistant; Morgan E. Freeman, former DAMLI Native American Art Fellow; and Michael Hartman, Jonathan Little Cohen Associate Curator of American Art

Exhibition History

This Land: American Engagement with the Natural World, Owen Robertson Cheatham Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, January 5–April 18, 2022.


The artist, Hartford, Vermont; given to present collection, 2014.

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