Winkta (Gay)

Dwayne Wilcox, Oglala Lakota / American, born 1957
Oglala Lakota
Lakota (Teton Sioux)
Central Plains


Summer 2010

Crayon and ink on 1936 Cumberland County Election Return, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, ledger paper, page 241

Sheet: 11 5/16 × 17 3/4 in. (28.8 × 45.1 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Gift of the artist



Place Made: United States, North America


21st century

Object Name

Ledger Drawing

Research Area

Native American


Native American: Plains

Not on view


Signed and dated, in ink, lower left: D. Wilcox / '10


In Winkta (Gay), Wilcox depicts Native and non-Native spectators scorning two openly queer couples. This interaction speaks to the ways Western ideologies have been internalized, showing the Native onlooker’s adoption of the White voyeur’s fear of and discomfort towards queerness. Queer love is a strong facet of Indigenous tradition, giving this scene a poignant and paradoxical quality.

Wilcox draws on ledger paper, a reference to the Plains practice of ledger art which emerged from existing narrative artistic practices following the Indian Removal Act in the mid-nineteenth century. Using materials that were readily available at the time, Indigenous peoples recorded visual histories in ledger books to bolster oral traditions. By embracing ledger art as a modern medium, Wilcox confronts what it means to both embrace and turn back on “tradition.”

From the 2023 exhibition Love as Ceremony: Legacies of Two-Spirit Liberation, A Space for Dialogue 114, curated by Moonoka Begay '23, Conroy Intern

Course History

WGST 65, Queer Visual Culture, Gabriele Dietze, Winter 2014

WGST 18, Introduction to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Studies, Eng-Beng Lim, Winter 2015

ARTH 71, The "American Century": Modern Art in the United States, Mary Coffey, Winter 2015

ARTH 71, The "American Century": Modern Art in the United States. Mary Coffey, Winter 2015

NAS 30.21, Native American Art and Material, Jami Powell, Spring 2020

NAIS 8.01, Perspectives in Native American Studies, Heid Erdrich, Fall 2022

Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies 2.01, Introduction to Queer Studies, Eng-Beng Lim, Summer 2023

Exhibition History

A Space for Dialogue 114, Love as Ceremony: Legacies of Two-Spirit Liberation, Moonoka Begay, '23, Alvin P. Gutman Gallery, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 19 August - 14 October 2023.


The artist, Rapid City, South Dakota; given to present collection, 2011.

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