Sandino en la montaña (Sandino in the Mountains), from the portfolio La Saga de Sandino (The Saga of Sandino)

Armando Morales, Nicaraguan, 1927 - 2011

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1993

Color Lithograph on paper

2/75

Sheet: 22 3/8 × 30 1/8 in. (56.8 × 76.5 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Gift of the Blanton Museum of Art

2011.21.1.7

Portfolio / Series Title

La Saga de Sandino (The Saga of Sandino)

Publisher

Artegrafias Limitadas, S.A., Mexico City

Geography

Place Made: Nicaragua, Central America

Period

20th century

Object Name

Print

Research Area

Print

Not on view

Inscriptions

Inscribed, in graphite, on paper, outside print, bottom right: Morales / 93; bottom left: 2/75

Label

Estas litografías de Morales representan la vida del líder revolucionario nicaragüense general Augusto César Sandino (1895-1934). Un maestro de la estrategia, Sandino luchó y ganó una guerra de guerrillas (1927-1933) contra la ocupación estadounidense de Nicaragua, que forzó la total retirada de las tropas de EE.UU. en 1932. A partir de los momentos finales de Sandino, Morales captura el viaje histórico del General a Managua, incluyendo su cena final después de la cual fue emboscado por el ejército nicaragüense. (La brutal dictadura de la familia Somoza, aliada con los EE.UU., llegó al poder dos años después de la ejecución de Sandino y se mantuvo allí hasta 1979). Morales destaca los hechos cotidianos que transformaron a don Augusto en el general Sandino, ahora héroe nacional de la Nicaragua revolucionaria. La imagen de Sandino sigue siendo visible en toda Nicaragua como un referente del nacionalismo del país y de la política de izquierda centroamericana, y una figura clave en la lucha contra el imperialismo estadounidense.

Morales’s lithographs depict the life of Nicaraguan revolutionary leader General Augusto César Sandino (1895–1934). A master strategist, Sandino fought and won a guerrilla war (1927–33) against the U.S. occupation of Nicaragua, forcing the full retreat of U.S. forces in 1932. Drawing from Sandino’s final moments, Morales captures the General’s historic journey into Managua, including his final dinner—after which he was ambushed by state forces. (The brutal Samoza family dictatorship, allied with the United States, came to power two years after Sandino’s execution and ruled until 1979.) Morales highlights the quotidian events that transformed Don Augusto into General Sandino, now a Nicaraguan national hero. Sandino’s image remains visible across Nicaragua as a referent for country nationalism and Central American left-wing politics, and a key figure in the struggle against U.S. imperialism.

From the 2022 exhibition Bolas de Fuego: Culture and Conflict in Central America, curated by Jorge E. Cuéllar, Assistant Professor of Latin American, Latino, and Caribbean Studies

Course History

LACS 8.01, Politics and Culture in Transnational Central America, Jorge Cuellar, Summer 2022

LACS 8.01, Politics and Culture in Transnational Central America, Jorge Cuellar, Summer 2022

LACS 8.01, Politics and Culture in Transnational Central America, Jorge Cuellar, Summer 2022

Exhibition History

Bolas de Fuego: Culture and Conflict in Central America, Teaching exhibition, Guest curator Jorge E. Cuellar, Class of 1967 Gallery and the LeWitt Wall, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, May 28-September 25, 2022.

Provenance

Blanton Museum of Art, University of Texas, Austin, Texas; given to present collection, 2011.

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