The Epic of American Civilization: Gods of the Modern World (Panel 15)

José Clemente Orozco, Mexican, 1883 - 1949




Overall: 120 × 119 in. (304.8 × 302.3 cm)

Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth: Commissioned by the Trustees of Dartmouth College



Place Made: Mexico, North America


20th century

Object Name


Research Area


On view


Signed, east wall (Panel 11): J. C. Orozco / Febrero 13, 1934

Course History

ARTH 63.01/LACS 48.01, Mexican Muralism, Mary Coffey, Fall 2022

ARTH 63.01/LACS 48.01, Mexican Muralism, Mary Coffey, Fall 2022

ARTH 63.01/LACS 48.01, Mexican Muralism, Mary Coffey, Fall 2022

ARTH 63.01/LACS 48.01, Mexican Muralism, Mary Coffey, Fall 2022

ARTH 63.01/LACS 48.01, Mexican Muralism, Mary Coffey, Fall 2022

GEOG 31.01, Postcolonial Geographies, Erin Collins, Fall 2022

WRIT 2.06, Composition and Research I, Doug Moody, Fall 2022

Writing Program 5.08, Reviewing Ourselves: Critical Writing and Personal Values, Bill Craig, Winter 2023

Latino Studies 37.01, Migrant Lives and Labor, Doug Moody, Spring 2023

Geography 31.01, Postcolonial Geographies, Erin Collins, Fall 2023

Exhibition History

Public Art, Reserve Corridor, Baker-Berry Library, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1934.

Publication History

Justin Spring, The Essential Jackson Pollock, New York: The Wonderland Press, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., September 1998, p. 35.

Kirk Varnedoe with Pepe Karmel, Jackson Pollock, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1998, pp. 26-27, figs. 11 + 12.

Paul Buhle and Edmund B. Sullivan, Images of American Radicalism, Hanover, Mass.: The Christopher Publishing House, c1998, 462 p.

William Fleming, Arts and Ideas, 9/e, Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, c1995, 722 p.

Stephen Strack, ed., Death and the Quest for Meaning: Essays in Honor of Herman Feifel, Northvale, NJ: J. Aronson, c1997, 408 p.

series Mexican Art Abroad, Mexico: Grupo Azabache, September 1994.

Katharine Baetjer, Lisa Mintz Messinger, Nan Rosenthal, The Jackson Pollock Sketchbooks in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997, ill. p. 82

Francois Sirel, Histoire 1re: Le Monde du milieu du XIXe siecle a 1939, Paris: Editions Magnard, 1997, ill. p.73

Jesus Torrecilla, Spanish 2155 (Louisiana State University, Correspondence Course on Spanish Literature), L.S.U., 1994, p. 27.

Jurgen Harten (ed.), Siqueiros/Pollock; Pollock/Siqueiros, Band II: Essays/Dokumentation, Dusseldorf: Kunsthalle Dusseldorf, DuMont Buchverlag und Autoren, 1995, ill. p. 46, figure 9

Mike Venezia, Getting to Know the World's Greatest Artists: Jackson Pollock, Chicago: Children's Press, 1994, p.23.

Liz Dawtrey, Tobey Jackson, Mary Masterton, Pam Meecham, Paul Wood, eds., Investigating Modern Art, New Haven and London: Yale University Press in association with The Open University, The Arts Council of England and the Tate Gallery, 1996, ill. p. 122

Desmond Rochfort, Mexican Muralists: Orozco, Rivera, Siqueiros, Singapore: Laurence King Publishing, 1993, pp.99-119, ill. p. 108

Frederick Hartt, Art: A History of Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993

Master Works of Mexican Art in the World, Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Institute Matias Romero for Diplomatic Studies, 1993

Robert Atkins, Art Spoke: A Guide to Modern Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, 1848-1944, New York: Abbeville Press, 1993, ill. p. 138.

William H. Forbes, The Makers of Mexico, Worldwise, Hanover, N.H.: South-North News Service, 1992

Edmund Burke Feldman, Varieties of Visual Experience, 4th ed., New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1992, pp. 45-47, ill. p. 46

Claude Cernuschi, Jackson Pollock: "Psychoanalytic Drawings", Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1992, p. 119, ill. p.119.

Roger E. Wiehe and Zaitchik, Human Values: PErspectives on Six Themes, Madison: William C. Brown Co. Publishers, 1992

Images of the American Experience, A Multicultural Art Perspective for Grades 7 & 8, Brooklyn: New York City Board of Eduction, 1992

Page Smith, Killing the Spirit: Higher Education in America , New York: Viking, Published by the Penguin Group, 1990, Cover

Pictures of Dartmouth. Editors Bradley and Grantham, Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England

Kirk Varnedoe and Pepe Karmel, eds., Jackson Pollock: New Approaches, NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1999, 248 pp., ill. p. 49.

Helen Husher, "Mural High Ground", Seven Days Newspaper, Georgia, Vermont: B.D. Press, May 10, 2000, vol. 5, no. 37, p. 12.

Kathleen A. Foster, Thomas Hart Benton and the Indiana Murals, Bloomington: Indiana University Art Museum in association with Indiana University Press, 2000, 200 pp., ill. p. 152.

Editorial Clio, Orozco segun Orozco, (Video-in Spanish), Delagacion Coyoacan, Mexico: Editorial Clio, 1998, approx. 43 minutes.

Consejo Estatal de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Programa Estatal de Cienca y Tecnologia del Estado de Jalisco: Pecytjal 2001-2007, Guadalajara, Jal: Gubierno del Estado de Jalisco, 2003, 384 pp., cropped color ill. p. 283.

Marjorie L. Harth, Jose Clemente Orozco: Prometheus, Pomona, California: Pomona College Museum of Art, 2001, pp. 39-45, ill. p. 42, fig. 26.

Barbara J. MacAdam, Marks of Distinction, Two Hundred Years of American Drawings and Watercolors from the Hood Museum of Art, Manchester, Vermont: Hudson Hills Press, 2005, pp. 180-181, ill. p. 180, fig. 88.

Barbara J. MacAdam, American Art at Dartmouth: Highlights from the Hood Muesum of Art, Hanover: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 2007, ill p. 107.

Angela L. Miller, Janet C. Berlo, Bryan J. Wolf and Jennifer L. Roberts, American Encounters: Art, History, and Cultural Identity, London: Laurence King Publishing Ltd., New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008, 685 pp., ill. p. 522.

Jacquelynn Baas, Orozco: Violent Visions in a Silent Space, Berkeley Review of Latin American Studies, Spring 2008: University of California, Berkeley: Berkeley Center for Latin American Studies, 73 pp., ill. p. 38.

Nichola Tucker, The Epic of American Civilization as Performative Epic: Student Viewers as Heroes and the Re-Enactment of History, The Collegiate Journal of Art, Spring 2008, Volume IV, 2008, pp. 97-110, ill. p. 107, fig. 9.

Jose Clemente Orozco: Pintura y verdad, Jalisco, Mexico: Instituto Cultural Cabanas, 2010, pp.166-181, ill. p.174.

Mary K. Coffey, Sharon Lorenzo, Lisa Mintz Messinger, Stephen Polcari, Men of Fire, Jose Clemente Orozco and Jackson Pollock, Hanover: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 2012, ill. p.53; xii, fig.4.

Mette Haakonsen, Mexican Demons and Dancing Skeletons: Dr. Lakra in DIalogue with Posada, Denmark: Holstebro Kunstmuseums Forlag, 2012, p. 56, fig. 42.

Michael R. Taylor and Gerald Auten, In Residence: Contemporary Artists at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire: Trustees of Dartmouth College, 2013, ill. p. 14, fig. 21

Tableau, The Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago, Chicago, 2013, ill. p. 2.

Elizabeth L. Langhorne, Jackson Pollock: Kunst als Sinnsuche: Abstraktion, All-Over, Action Painting, Wallerstein: Hawel-Verlag, 2013, 468 pp., ill. pp. 41 and 42.

Barbara Haskell, Vida Americana, Mexican Muralist Remake American Art, 1925-1945, New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2020, ill. pp. 36-37, fig. 17.

Warren Carter, ed., Art after Empire: From Colonialism to Globalisation, Manchester: Manchester University Press in association with the Open University, 2018, pp. 84-89, ill. p. 87, fig. 2.24.


Commissioned by the Trustees of Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1932.

This record is part of an active database that includes information from historic documentation that may not have been recently reviewed. Information may be inaccurate or incomplete. We also acknowledge some language and imagery may be offensive, violent, or discriminatory. These records reflect the institution’s history or the views of artists or scholars, past and present. Our collections research is ongoing.

We welcome questions, feedback, and suggestions for improvement. Please contact us at: