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Ukara: Ritual Cloth from the Ekpe Secret Society

This annotated list of web resources may be used to help you and your students learn more about looking at and making meaning from this type of art.

  • Websites

    This list of web resources will allow you and your students to learn more about nsibidi, the ideographic language made up of symbols used by the Ekpe Secret Society. Both websites discuss the historical development and use of nsibidi, as well as nsibidi as a source of inspiration for contemporary artists such as Victor Ekpuk.


    The Smithsonian National Museum of African Art’s website describes what nsibidi is and how it is used in both traditional and contemporary art.


    This website provides a more comprehensive introduction to nsibidi, including its history in pre- colonial Africa.